Kodak roll-film & film-packs - Antique and Vintage Cameras

N.C. Film

1903

Eastman Kodak Co.

Rochester

USA

Image of N.C. Film

Orthochromatic.
Roll-film size 120. For 6, 6 x 9 cm exposures. Dated May 1923. Box.

To compensate for the curl resulting from the gelatine emulsion, a layer of gelatine was coated on the back of N.C. (Non Curl) film. Introduced in 1903.

References & Notes:
BJA 1907, p. 207.

Eastman Autographic

1914

Orthochromatic.

  • Roll-film size A116. For 6, 2 ½" x 4 ¼" exposures. Made in Canada.
  • Roll-film size A118. For 6, 3 ¼" x 4 ¼" exposures.
  • Roll-film size A122. For 6, 3 ¼" x 5 ½" exposures. Dated 1921. Wooden spool. Made in USA. Box.
  • Roll-film size A122. For 6, 3 ¼" x 5 ½" exposures. Dated 1936. Made in Canada. Box.
  • Roll-film size A127. For 8, 1 ⅝" x 2 ½" exposures.

Autographic film was introduced in 1914 by Eastman. It consisted of a spool of ordinary film with a backing paper which was not quite light-proof. Between the backing paper and the film was a strip of carbon-like paper. The two together forming a light-proof barrier to the film. A door in the back of the camera could be opened which exposed the backing paper, by writing on the backing paper with a stylus the carbon layer was disturbed and made no longer light-proof. The door was held open for a few seconds to expose the writing which then appeared in the negative.

It did not prove especially popular in use despite being heavily promoted by Eastman. The original idea was patented by H.J. Gaisman.

The images, right, show the extra carbon layer in an Autographic film and a camera for use with Autographic film.

References & Notes:
BP 9005/1914. BP 9006/1914. Kodak Cat. 1915. Kodak Museum Catalogue. Lothrop, Century, p. 132.

Brownie Roll-film

  • Roll-film Size 120. For 8, 2 ¼" x 3 ¼" exposures. Dated 1938. Made in Canada but Kodak Ltd. address. Box.
  • Roll-film size 124. For 8, 3 ¼" x 4 ¼" exposures. Wooden spool. Made in USA.

Verichrome

1931

Orthochromatic.

  • Roll-film size VP-116. Metal spool.
  • Roll-film size V118. For 6, 3 ¼" x 4 ¼" exposures. Dated 1948. Made in Canada. Box.
  • Roll-film size V120. For 8, 2 ¼" x 3 ¼"; 12, 2 ¼" x 2 ¼" or 16, 2 ¼" x 1 ⅝" exposures. Dated 1948. Made in Great Britain. Box.
  • Roll-film size V120. For 8, 2 ¼" x 3 ¼"; 12, 2 ¼" x 2 ¼" or 16, 2 ¼" x 1 ⅝" exposures.
  • Roll-film size V120. For 8, 2 ¼" x 3 ¼" exposures. Box only.
  • Roll-film size 122. For 6, 3 ¼" x 5 ½" exposures. Metal spool.
  • Roll-film size 127.

Verichrome was a very popular material produced in roll-film and film-packs. It has a very wide exposure latitude partly due to the double layer of sensitive emulsion (fast on top of slow). In 1956 Verichrome Pan was introduced. The Verichrome name goes back to a plate introduced in 1904 by Wratten & Wainwright.

References & Notes:
BJA 1932, pp. 17, 301. BJA 1957, pp. 5, 210. BJA 1961, p. 4.

Super XX

1938

Image of Super XX

    Panchromatic.
  • Roll-film Size 116. For 8, 2 ½" x 4 ¼"; 12, 2 ½" x 2 ⅞" or 16, 2 ½" x 2 ⅛" exposures. Wooden spool.
  • Roll-film size 118. For 6, 3 ¼" x 4 ¼" exposures. Wooden spool. Box.
  • Roll-film size 122. For 6, 3 ¼" x 5 ½" exposures. Dated 1952. Box.
  • Roll-film size 828. For 28 x 40 mm exposures. Dated 1956. Kodak Ltd. address. Box.

This is an extra fast panchromatic emulsion introduced in 1938 in 35 mm and 828 sizes as a replacement for SS Pan. Other roll-film sizes, sheet film, film-packs and 35 mm cine film were later available. Super XX was available until the mid 1950s. The speed in 1939 was 32° Kodak.

References & Notes:
BJA 1939, pp. 13, 296. BJA 1940, p. 12. BJA 1941, p. 19. BJA 1961, p. 4.

Panatomic X

1938

Panchromatic.
Roll-film size 828. For 28 x 40 mm exposures. Dated 1956. Kodak Ltd. address. Box.

Panatomic X was a fine grain panchromatic emulsion. Introduced to replace Panatomic, at first in 35 mm and 828 sizes and later other roll-film sizes, film packs and sheet film. When introduced the film was rated at 27° Sch. (29° Kodak).

References & Notes:
BJA 1939, pp. 13, 296. BJA 1940, p. 12.

Plus-X

1938

Panchromatic.
35 mm cine film type 4231, 200' on 1" type A core. Tin case. Two examples. Kodak Ltd.

Introduced as a general purpose film in 1938, available in 35 mm MF and 35 mm cine formats.

References & Notes:
BJA 1939, pp. 13, 286.

Kodachrome

Image of Kodachrome

Colour reversal.
Kodachrome II. 35 mm cassette, 20 exposures. Dated 1964. Cannister, box.

Kodachrome was the first integral tripak colour film, it was introduced as 16 mm cine in 1935, the following year 35 mm cassettes and 828 roll-film was made available, cut-film was introduced in 1938. The familiar card mount for 35 mm slides was introduced by Kodak in 1938. Kodachrome II was rated at 25 ASA, 15 DIN.

References & Notes:
US Pat. 2113329, patent for Kodachrome. US Pat. 2184007, card transparency mount.

Ektachrome

    Colour reversal.
  • Ektachrome-X. 35 mm cassette, 20 exposures.
  • Roll-film size 127. Dated 1976. Sealed, box.

Ektachrome was introduced in 1946. Ektachrome-X was rated at 64 ASA, 19 DIN.

Premo Film Pack

1903

Image of Premo Film Pack

Size 323. 12 films, 4" x 5". Extra Rapid. Dated 1917. Instructions, box.

The Premo film Pack was first sold by the Rochester Optical Co. in 1903. In 1907 ROC was integrated as a division of Eastman Kodak. From 1922 the packs were known as Kodak Film Packs.

References & Notes:
BP 9013/1903. BP 9014/1903. BJA 1908, p. 178.

Kodak Film Pack

1922

Size 518. 12 films, 3 ¼" x 4 ¼". Dated 1927.

Premo film packs were renamed 'Kodak Film Pack' in 1922, from the early 1930s they were designated 'Regular' to distinguish them from other emulsions then being introduced such as Verichrome.

References & Notes:
BJA 1923, p. 34. BJA 1934, p. 22.

Super XX Film Pack

c. 1939

Panchromatic.
Size 520. 12 films, 3 ¼" x 2 ¼".

References & Notes:
Westminster Annual 1939, p. 113.


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