Company Details

Notes on companies mentioned in the main text together with a few early manufacturers and dealers.

Naylor

Company Name

T. Naylor & SonsLate 1900s
Alfred Naylor1899 -To after 1900
Edward Naylor1896 -To after 1900
Thomas Naylor1891 - 1896
Thomas Charles Naylor1890

Company Address

203 Shaftesbury Av., London1909 -Showroom. T Naylor & Son only
4 Hanway St., London- 1909T Naylor & Son only
1 Dyott St., London1909 -Works. T Naylor & Son only
28 Cyros St., Clerkenwell, London1899 - Alfred Naylor
29b Percival St., London1896 - E. Naylor
17 Berners Mews, London1898 - 1899T. Naylor
13 Greek St., London1891 - 1896T. Naylor
15 Denmark Pl., Charing Cross Rd., London1890T.C. Naylor

It is assumed that these firms are related. Edgar Scamell is given as the propriety of T. Naylor & Sons. They are listed as manufacturers, probably to the trade. From 1895 Chas. G. Collins is at 13 Greek Street, around 1896/97 the London Camera Co. is at the same address. A folding bed camera with automatically self-erecting front was patented by T.C. Naylor in 1892.

Further Information:
BP 19929/1892.

Neddermeyer

Company Name

Ellanco1925 -
Duke & Neddermeyerc.1921 - 1925
F.G. Neddermeyer1913 -

Company Address

260 Tottenham Ct. Rd., London- 1926
45 Chancery Lane, London1913 -

These firms were agents for German photographic companies, what the relationship between them was is not clear. The dates above are for their involvement in the photographic trade. From 1923 until around 1926 they were the agents for Ernemann, Elephant brand papers and Cellofix paper.

Negretti & Zambra

Company Name

Negretti & Zambra Ltd1948 -
Negretti & Zambra1850 - 1948Formed on April 24 1850
Henry Negretti1844 - 1850
Negretti & Co.1844 - 1850
Pizzi & Negretti1843

Company Address

122 Regent St., London1861 -Prior to this date occupied by J.F. Newman, optical instrument maker and
William Rawles photographer. Other photographers are also recorded here.
East side between Glasshouse St. & Regent Place.
W1 postal district from 1917
Later the photographer Hammond is registered here, shared occupancy?
45 Cornhill, London1872 -Corner premises
38 Holborn Viaduct, London EC1869 - 1941Holborn Viaduct was finished in 1869,
construction had started a couple of years earlier,
demolition of the area started as early as 1863.
The N&Z building was destroyed by bombing in late 1940
Corner of Holborn Viaduct and St. Andrew St.
EC1 postal district from 1917
59 Cornhill, London1859 - 1872
59 & 68 Cornhill, London EC1857 - 1859
2 Charterhouse St., London EC1869 - 1885
153 Fleet St., London EC1864 - 1873
107 Holborn Hill, London EC1858 - 1861
1 Hatton Gdn., London1859 - 1869
11 Hatton Gdn., London1849 - 1859EC postal district from 1857
9 Hatton Gdn., London1844 - 1847
19 Leather Lane, London1843 - 1850Possibly shared occupancy as other barometer makers
are known at this address

Henry (Enrico Angelo Ludovico) Negretti (b.1818, d.1879) and Joseph Warren Zambra (b.1822, d.1897) founded Negretti & Zambra in 1850 specialising in metrological instruments. Negretti had previously been a barometer maker. During the 1850s and 60s they were leading retailers of stereoscopic equipment. In 1918 the firm dropped their interest in optical instruments to concentrate on industrial and aeronautical equipment.

Prior to Pizzi & Negretti, Henry Negretti was working for Jane Pizzi, widow of Valentine Pizzi, from around 1840. He may have previously have been at 20 Greville St. as a glass blower.

In the 1880s, and probably before, the manager of the Holborn shop was R. Willats possibly connected with T & R Willats. J.W. Zambra left the partnership in 1892.

References:
N&Z, Centenary. www.negrettiandzambra.co.uk. Phot. Dealer Jan/1898, p. 22. Phot. Dealer Mar/1898, p. 68.

Further Information:
Joseph Warren Zambra died on 23/12/1897 leaving an estate valued at £176,075.

Newgass, Henry

Company Name

Henry NewgassActive 1855 - 1859Importer and apparatus manu. Bankruptcy proceedings started in 1857

Company Address

67 Newgate St., London1857 - 1859
21 Wood St., London1855 - 1857

References:
Lon. Gaz. 13/11/1857. Lon. Gaz. 4/2/1859.

Newman & Guardia

See also Newman & Simpson and Newman & Sinclair.
Diagram showing relationship between the Newman, Adams and Sinclair companies.

Company Name

Newman & Guardia Ltd1896 - c.1971Ltd from July 1896
Newman & Guardia1891 - 1896

Company Address

60 Berners St., London1949 - c.1959Later at Harlow
19 - 23 Wells St., London1938 - 1949
63 Newman St., London W11929 - 1938
17 & 18 Rathbone Place, Oxford St., London W1909 - 1929Or late 1908. W1 postal district from 1917
90 & 92 Shaftesbury Av., London W1897 - 1909
92 Shaftesbury Av., London W1893 - 1897Opened Oct/1893
71 Farringdon Rd., London W1891 - 1893
Pine Grove. Tollington Park, London1902 - 1909Factory
106-110 Kentish Town Rd., London NW- 1902Factory

Founded by J. Guardia (d.1906) and Arthur Samuel Newman (b.1860, d.1943).

According W.B. Ferguson writing in the Photographic Journal (Sept. 1936) Newman was working for the microscope maker F & C Robins of Aldersgate St. from 1877. In 1880 he moved to H & E.J. Dale (electricians in Little Britain), when Dale bought out the business of F.J. Cox he transferred to their photographic workshop, this was the period when Jimmy Hare (son of George) was working at Dale.

Newman must have left Dale around 1886 when his newly developed shutter was marketed. In an 1888 advertisement the French firm of A. Laverne & Co. claim to possess the sole rights of the shutter but it was also sold by other companies (including Hinton and Abraham/Adams) so possibly Laverne were wholesalers. From around 1889 Laverne also sold a Newman shutter for detective cameras. Around 1888 Frank Lindsay-Simpson joined Newman to form Newman & Simpson, at this time they were general scientific manufacturers specialising in photographic work. One of their customers was the firm of Robert Abraham (later Adams & Co). The partnership did not last long, Simpson left in 1891 along with, according to Ferguson, their 20 workmen to work for Adams. This was probably the formation of the short lived firm of Simpson & Hill who were supplying Adams.

Until late 1891 Newman & Simpson were major suppliers to Adams, Newman shutters were mentioned by name in Adams advertisements and Newman and Adams worked jointly on patents. From 1892 the range of Adams products, in particular their cameras, increased significantly. One explanation for the Newman and Adams split is that increased work for Adams would have tied up resources and prevented Newman from developing his own range of cameras and pursuing other routes to market.

Newman then formed Newman & Guardia in 1891. Newman left the company in 1908 due to business difficulties arising from the death of Guardia and was later in partnership with J.A. Sinclair.

Newman & Guardia Ltd was wound up in the early 1970s, there was also a Newman & Guardia A-V Sales Ltd that was wound up around this time.

An article in the 1892 BJP notes that there are 40 people working for N&G. Articles in the BJP for 1893 list their range of cameras and show the early Nydia.

The Farringdon St. address is on the west side between Charles St. and Clerkenwell, near Cross St.

References:
Photographic News 1896. BJA 1907, p. 627. BJP 14/10/1892, p. 664. BJP Sup. 5/5/1893, p. 63. BJP Sup. 1/12/1893, p. 116. Phot. Journal Sept. 1936, p. 514. BJA 1888, pp. 625, 655, shutters. BJA 1890, pp. 185, 847, shutters. Lon. Gaz. 26/1/1971, 19/4/1973.

Further Information:
According to Ferguson, Gilmer, then at Laverne &, agreed to sell the shutter if Newman were to manufacture it. Around 1891 Laverne became Clement & Gilmer.

See also an article in Photographica World no. 133 by A. Manthos on the early Newman cameras and the Newman/Adams relationship.

Newman, James

Company Name

James Newman1833 - after 1900Artist's materials supplier, phot. colors etc. from late 1850s

Company Address

24 Soho Sq., London1834 -

Newman & Simpson

See also Simpson & Hill.

Company Name

Newman & Simpsonc.1888 - 1891

Company Address

71 Farringdon Rd., Londonc.1890 - 1891
11 Albermarle St., Clerkenwell, Londonc.1888 - c.1890
14 St John's Sq., London

The partnership between Arthur Samuel Newman and Frank Lindsay-Simpson was dissolved around Nov. 1891.

S.J. Levi & Co. were also at the 71 Farringdon address around 1890.

References:
Lon. Gaz. 4/12/1891. BJP 26/4/1889, p. 289. BJP 8/2/1889, p. 89.

Further Information:
The Newman Detective camera was shown at the North London Photographic society in 1889. In 1889 a patent application for an iris diaphragm was started by Newman and Simpson (BP 1736), it must have been abandoned at an early stage.

Newman & Sinclair

Company Name

Newman & Sinclair Ltdc.1910 -

Company Address

2 Salisbury Rd., Highgate Hill, Highgate, London NWhittington Works

Founded by A.S. Newman and J.A. Sinclair. Early products included the N&S shutter but the majority of the output was the highly regarded range of cine cameras.

Newton

Company Name

Newton & Co. Ltd.1857 -
Newton & Co.1857 -
Frederick Newton & Co.1857 -At Fleet St
William Edward & Frederick Newton1852 - 1857Opticians and Globe Makers at Fleet St
William & Frederick Newton1851 - 1852Opticians at Fleet St
William Edward Newton, Son- 1849 -Civil Engineer at Chancery Lane
William Edward Newton & Son- 1849 -Patent Agents at Chancery Lane
William Edward Newton & Son- 1849 -Globe Manufacturers at Chancery Lane
Newton, Son & Berry1831 - 1841
J & W Newton- 1831
John Newton- 1780 -

Company Address

72 Wigmore St., London1913 -Also occupied by F.C. Hart makers of arc lamps
37 King St., Covent Gdn., London1913 - 1920
3 Fleet St., London1851 -
66 Chancery Lane, London
97 Chancery Lane, Londonc.1780 -

The Newtons were an old established family working in the diverse areas of globe making, patent agents and as civil engineers. Advertisements claim establishment in 1704. John Newton (b.1759, d.1844) worked from 97 Chancery Lane from c.1780, John's son William (b.1786, d.1861) joined the firm forming J & W Newton. Miles Berry joined the firm in 1831 forming Newton, Son & Berry which lasted to 1841. Berry was the patent agent for Daguerre and was issued the first Photographic patent in England. William's son, William Edward (b.1818, d.1879) was part of the Fleet St branch.

The firm were important suppliers of lantern slides and equipment they also sold cameras and equipment during the wet-plate and early dry-plate periods. In 1920 the two partners in the firm, Herbert Charles Newton and Russell Stuart Wright separated, Newton continued at the King St. address selling lantern slides and Wright at the Wigmore St. address selling optical instruments, both firms continued to use the Newton & Co name.

Newton was part of, or associated with, Metropolitan-Vickers from around the late 1940s. M-V and British Thomson-Houston (BTH) were both part of AEI.

References:
Lon. Gaz. 14/8/1920.

Newton, H.

See also Lloyd, Fred. V.A..

Company Name

H. Newton & Co.1851 - 1891

Company Address

5 South John St., LiverpoolLate 1870s - 1891
11 Jubilee Bldgs., 16 Lord St., Liverpool- 1859 -Advertisements state that there is no front shop
and that entrance to the warehouse is via an alley

Henry Newton ran a wholesale and export business, a full range of items was covered but prominence was given to paper, collodion and chemicals. In the 1870s lenses by the major makers were listed as well as cameras 'made to order by our workmen', given the lack of emphasis given to cameras these were probably sourced elsewhere. In the 1880s their own brand lenses form a prominent part of advertisements, possibly Newton had taken up lens manufacture on a small scale or they were re-branded. In 1884 Sharp's patent Tripod was advertised, this would be H.B. Sharp who worked at Newtons (BP 3510/1884) and later founded Sharp & Hitchmough. The firm was taken over by Fred. V.A. Lloyd in 1891.

References:
The Perfection camera advertised in 1886 had a revolving back, others included the Liverpool.

Noakes

Company Name

Noakes & Norman1897 -
D. Noakes & Son- 1897Or David Noakes & Son

Company Address

Nelson St., Greenwich, London1890 -Sometimes shown as 23 Nelson St
Billingsgate St., Greenwich, London- 1890

Listed as manufacturers, active in the 1890s and early 1900s.

Ogilvy

Company Name

Ogilvy & Co.

Company Address

20 Mortimer St., London1925 -
18 Bloomsbury Sq., London

Agents for Leitz, until c.1928, and for Franke & Heidecke until 1929. Leitz (London) were at the Mortimer Street address from 1928.

Ottewill

Company Name

Ottewill, Collis & Co.1863 -
Thomas Ottewill & Co.1855 - 1863Or Ottewill & Co.
Ottewill & Morgan1854 - 1855
Thomas Ottewillc.1851 - 1854

Company Address

23 & 24 Charlotte Terrace, Copenhagen St., London1855 -
24 Charlotte Terrace, Copenhagen St., Londonc.1851 - 1855Sometimes includes Caledonian Rd. in address

Established around 1851, probably ceased trading in the late 1860s. In an 1867 advertisement they note that they have been manufacturing for Ross for 15 years and that Mr Collis was previously working for Ross for 13 years. The partnership with William Morgan was dissolved in April 1855. In 1862 Ottewill was discharged from bankruptcy but proceedings were renewed in 1864 and 1865.

Ottewill cameras, especially earlier models, are of the highest quality both in workmanship and design. During the Ottewill, Collis & Co. period the workmanship is more variable. Most of their cameras were made of Spanish mahogany, though some such as the 'Captain Fowke' camera were available in teak. The Registered Camera of 1853 includes a complicated folding mechanism of his own design. Their cameras often carry the name plaque of the retailer e.g. Ross, Negretti & Zambra.

Thomas Ottewill b.1821, Maidstone Kent. In 1861 he was living at the Charlotte Terrace address, he was no longer there by 1865.

References:
Advertisement in Sutton, 'Calotype Process', 1856. BJA 1867, p. xlii. Lon. Gaz. 21/5/1858, 17/4/1855, 3/1/1862, 18/3/1862, 4/11/1864, 3/3/1865.

Further Information:
Early cameras are in - Sotheby Cat. 20/3/1981 lot 192, single lens stereo using a rail for separation. Christie's Cat. 1/1/2001 lot 348, two-lens stereo. Christie's Cat. 14/5/1992 lot 39, sliding box model.

Pacifico

Company Name

Jacob PacificoActive 1857 - 1864Phot. dealer and artist. Declared bankrupt 1864

Company Address

45 Cannon St., London1863 - 1864
93 Whitechapel Rd., London1859 - 1863
255 Whitechapel Rd., London1857 - 1859

References:
Lon. Gaz. 19/2/1864.

Paget

Company Name

Paget Prize Plate Co. Ltd1901 - 1921
Paget Prize Plate Co.1881 - 1901At Ealing until 1889 then Watford

Founded in 1881 by W.J. Wilson (b.1842, d.1917) and T.C. Whitfield. 'Prize' comes from a prize offered by Joseph Paget in 1880 for the best dry plate process which was won by Wilson. Their first plates were called XV, XXX and XXXXX, indicating 15, 30 and 50 times the speed of a wet-plate. In 1921 they became part of APM, later APEM and then Ilford.

References:
BJA 1884, clxxxiv. BJA 1890, p. 887. BJA 1918, p. 258. Phot. Dealer Aug/1903, p. 37.

Park, Henry

Company Name

Henry Park

Company Address

5 Station Bldgs., Acton St., Kingsland Rd., London1890 - 1903
1 Orchard Bldgs., Acton St., Kingsland Rd., Londonc.1883 - 1890

Predominantly manufacturers to the trade but some cameras carry their own name plaque. Many of their cameras were retailed by Fallowfield. An advertisement from 1889 says that Park was with Meagher for 7 years, 8 years with Hare and that he has 26 years experience, this would give a date of around 1878 for the start of the firm unless he worked elsewhere for a few years. Another advertisement says that customers are able to choose the particular plank of wood that was to be used to make the camera and that they had around 70,000 square feet of seasoned timber in stock. Cameras could also be made to a customer's own design.

In the census of 1881 Henry Park (b.1848, d.5/4/1907) describes himself as a photographic apparatus manufacturer, at the time he was living at 18 Downham Rd. Hackney. He married Eliza Darch on 17/6/1876. By 1891 he was living at 99 De Beauvoir Rd. Dalston, at his death his effects amounted to £209.

Acton St. was between 296 - 298 Kingsland Rd. Orchard Bldgs was 1 - 18 Acton St. Station Bldgs was the same location. In 1882 1 Orchard Bldgs was occupied by Henry Squire, cabinet and pianoforte maker.

References:
BJA 1884, p. cxxii. BJA 1889, p. 141. Phot. Dealer Aug/1903 p. 28.

Parkinson, W.L.

Company Name

W.L. Parkinson Ltd.

Company Address

62 Dale St., Liverpool

Manufacturers, used the Merito brand name.

Pascal, Frederick

Company Name

Frederick Pascal & Co.Active 1862 - 1864Phot. dealer, photographer

Company Address

7 Windmill Pl., Camberwell Rd., London1863 - 1864
25 Crown Row. Walworth Rd., London1862 - 1863

Paul, R.W.

Company Name

R.W. Paul

Company Address

68 High Holborn, London1900 -Showroom.
114-115 Gt. Saffron Hill, Hatton Gdn., LondonWorkshop
36 Leather Lane, LondonWorkshop
44 Hatton Gdn., London- 1895 -
Muswell Hill, LondonStudio

Scientific instrument maker and very early manufacturer of cinematographic equipment and film maker.

References:
Phot. Dealer July/1900. Phot. Dealer Sep/1900, p. 78, has an article on the company. Phot. Dealer Nov/1902, p 289. Barnes, Beginnings of the Cinema in England, provides information on Paul.

Payne

Company Name

J.B. Payne1874 - 1879
Payne & Chapman1871 - 1874

Company Address

63 Piccadilly, Manchester- 1879

John Buxton Payne (d.1926) was in partnership with J.T. Chapman until 1874, he was later manager at Mawson & Swan. Payne & Chapman took over the business and premises of Robert Hampson in 1871. Before Hampson, 63 Piccadilly was occupied by J.J. Pyne.

References:
Lon. Gaz. 3/4/1874, p. 1994. Lon. Gaz. 28/11/1879, p. 7121. BJA 1927, p. 365.

Pearson & Denham

Company Name

Pearson & Denham1888 -
A.A. Pearson- 1888

Company Address

5 New Station St., Leeds1887 -
44 & 46 Queen's Place, LeedsShown as works after 1887

Listed as manufacturers, from the mid 1880s shutters are shown, later field cameras are advertised, though in one advertisement the camera shown is clearly by Billcliff.

Peele, Thomas

Company Name

Thomas Peele

Company Address

13 Bedford St., Manchester- 1871 -Possibly same address as Oxford St
13A Oxford St., Manchester- 1861 -

Thomas Peele (b. Durham 1814) is listed as a Daguerreotype artist in 1851 and as a photographic apparatus manufacturer from 1861 to after 1873.

Peeling & Van Neck

See also Goerz Optical Works Ltd. and Van Neck.

Company Name

Peeling & Van Neck Ltd.1920 -Still listed in 1942
Peeling & Van Neck1919 - 1920

Company Address

Conniston Works. 125 - 153 Gordon Rd., High Wycombe1940 -Works
6 Holborn Circus, London1942 -
4-6 Holborn Circus, London1919 - 1941

Formed by Robert Edward Peeling and van Neck but described as 'formerly Goerz Optical Works', in the years immediately following WW1 they produced the British Anschütz camera and later the VN Press camera. They were importers and distributors for Goerz from 1923 to 1927, Voigtländer from 1927 to 1933 as well as Deckel and Foth. The post WWII firm of Peeling & Komlosy, the distributors of Zeiss-Ikon, were probably connected.

Penrose

See also Hunter's Ltd.

Company Name

Hunter-Penrose Ltd.1927 -Still in business
A.W. Penrose & Co. Ltd.1906 - 1927
A.W. Penrose & Co.1893 - 1906

Company Address

109 Farringdon Rd., London1901 -
8, 8a Upper Baker St., Clerkenwell, London- 1901Baker St and Upper Baker St ran into Lloyd Square
and are now known as Lloyd Baker St

Suppliers of printing and process equipment. From 1927 Penrose became Hunter-Penrose. The firm was founded in 1893 by Andrew Wybrant Penrose (d.1918) and William Gamble.

References:
BJP 25/10/1918, p. 484.

Perken Son & Rayment

Company Name

Perken Son & Co. Ltd1900 -To after 1940
Perken Son & Co.1900
Perken Son & Rayment1887 - 1900
Lejeune & Perken- 1887Earliest ref. is 1854

Company Address

94 Hatton Gdn., London EC11920 -
99 Hatton Gdn., London EC1886 - 1920EC1 postal district from 1917
101 Hatton Gdn., London EC- 1886
112 & 113 Gt. Saffron Hill, London EC- 1887
141 Oxford St., London EC1892 - 1896Then occupied by Moult Bros. 'West End Photographic Stores'
126 Chancery Lane, London- 1854 -

Advertisements claim establishment in 1852, in 1854 they were described as importers of foreign goods. They are known to have made cameras and lenses for other companies; one camera exists with the label "Lejeune & Perken made for J.T. Chapman" and lenses were supplied to M.W. Dunscombe.

Perken Son & Rayment was dissolved at the end of 1899 when Arthur Rayment left the partnership, the business was continued as Perken, Son & Co from 1/1/1900 by Frederick Louis Perken and Edgar Theodore Perken. The company was registered in March 1900 with capital of £1000.

References:
BJA 1912, p. 239. Photographic News 2/10/1896. Lon. Gaz. 12/1/1900.

Perry, Frederick

Company Name

Frederick Perry & Co.Active 1859 -Phot. warehouse

Company Address

11 Bloomsbury Mkt., London1859 -

Petschler [Manchester Photographic Co.]

Company Name

The Manchester Photographic Co. (Limited)1865 - 1868
H. Petschler & Co.

Company Address

82 - 84 Market St., Manchester- 1868
84 Market St., Manchester- 1868

The partnership between Petschler and Benjamin Consterdine, trading as H. Petschler & Co, was dissolved in 1862. The business continued under the same name and later under the name of The Manchester Photographic Co. (Ltd). Helmuth Louis Friedrich Martin Petschler was made bankrupt in 1866. The Manchester Photographic Co. (Ltd) was wound up in 1868.

References:
Lon. Gaz. 10/6/1862, p. 3007. Lon. Gaz. 23/11/1866, p. 6457. Lon. Gaz. 7/4/1868, p. 2125.

Further Information:
A stereo camera by Petschler is shown in Christie's Cat. 26/1/1984 lot 219.

Pexton, Chatham

Company Name

Chatham Pexton

Company Address

46 Gray's Inn Rd., London1911 -Until at least 1928
48 Gray's Inn Rd, London1904 - 1911
368 Gray's Inn Rd, London1899 - 1904
22 Gray's Inn Rd, London1887 - 1899
46 Bryantwood Rd., Drayton Park, Holloway, London- 1887

Mainly known for their stock of lanterns but they also listed field cameras for a period.

References:
Phot. Dealer Mar/1899, p. 51.

Phillips, F.G.

Company Name

F.G. Phillips

Company Address

44 Farringdon St., London1925 -
12 Charterhouse St., London- 1925

Agents for Voigtländer until 1927 and for Rodenstock.

Photo Ltd

Company Name

Photo Ltd1897 -

Company Address

33 Thornhill Crescent, Caledonian Rd., London1896Cresco-Fylma
14 Sherborne Ln., London1895Cresco-Fylma
Brighton Rd., Surbiton1893Cresco-Fylma

The company was formed in 1897 with a share capital of £30,000 to 'acquire the inventions of Cresco-Fylma and Hannam Ltd and to manufacture and trade in mounts, albums, cameras and other photographic goods'. Three of the subscribers were A.J.E. Hill (of 13 Haverfield Gdns, Kew), A.A. Barratt and J. Hannam. Photo Ltd was issued two patents in conjunction with Albert John Eves Hill one for a camera the other for embossing prints. They sold equipment under their own name, e.g. the Kalos shutter (which was also sold under the Adams & Co name). Their registered address was given as 72 & 74 Gray's Inn. In 1903 the business was sold to MacLaurin & Co. Ltd. J.P. MacLaurin, who had previously worked at Photo Ltd, was manager.

A.J.E. Hill is sometimes described as manager of Cresco-Fylma Co. of Kingston. Patents were issued jointly to Hill and Barratt for a type of gelatine film that would expand during processing thus producing larger images, this was produced by Cresco. The secretary of Cresco-Fylma is shown as Harry Allen.

References:
Phot. Dealer Jan/1898, p.22. Phot. Dealer Jul/1903, pp. 7, 19. BJA 1893, p. 767, Cresco. BJA 1894, p. 991, Cresco. Phot. Dealer Apr/1898, p. 109, Cresco.

Further Information:
British patents - 16125/1891. Enlarging photographs. Hill. 19810/1893, 15217/1894. Enlarging photographs. Hill, Barratt. 15935/1895. Photo reliefs. Hill, Barratt. 11/1898. Camera. Hill, Photo Ltd. 19817/1899. Embossing photos. Hill, Photo Ltd.

Photographic Apparatus & Chemical Co.

Company Name

Photographic Apparatus & Chemical Co. Ltd1887 - 1889

Company Address

15 Barbican, LondonAnd Australian Av. Probably a corner premises

Briefly listed in the late 1880s as manufacturers and dealers with a wide range of stock. The Barbican and Australian Av. addresses were previously occupied by J.M. Copeland, photographic dealer. The stock, goodwill etc. of the company was sold to G. Houghton in 1889 for £630. Philip Mordaunt is shown as manager.

References:
Lon. Gaz. 27/8/1889, p. 4698. Lon. Gaz. 11/7/1890, p. 3867.

Further Information:
Copeland, Houghton.

Photographic Artist's Co-operative Supply Association

Company Name

Photographic Artist's Co-operative Supply Association

Company Address

43 Charterhouse Sq., London1877 - 1890Except for the years 1884 - 1885
South side of Square, nearer to Aldersgate
251 Goswell Rd., London1878 - 1881
91 Gracechurch St., London1889 to 1890

The Kelly directories list the PACSA as at the Charterhouse address from 1877 to 1890, they are also listed at 251 Goswell Rd (which is close to Charterhouse Square) from 1878 to 1881. In 1879 the secretary is shown as Capt. H. Kerr later as E. Huntley and by 1889 as T.V. Nolan with W. Whittingham as M.D.

A winding up order was issued in 1884 stating that the assets of the company were to be sold including the factory at 43 Charterhouse. This corresponds to a period when they are not listed in the Kelly Directory. Following that period they, or a similar concern, re-surface at the same address.

PACSA stated that they either manufactured items or purchased from the manufacturers for retail to their customers. They operated somewhat like a co-operative, people would buy an entrance ticket (5 shillings) and at the end of the year excess profits were distributed amongst ticket holders who had purchased goods to a total value of £20 or more. PACSA was a limited company with a paid up capital of £8,500, which is a very large amount. Since a dividend of 5% was paid to the shareholders there may not have been much to distribute to the ticket holders.

References:
Phot. Journal 1879, p. xi. Lon. Gaz. 11/4/1884.

Photographic Artist's Supply Association

Company Name

Photographic Artist's Supply Association Ltd.

Company Address

43,44,45 Charterhouse Sq., London1890 - 1898
91 Gracechurch St., London1890 - 1898

Also known as W.B. Whittingham & Co. The company name and address are very similar to the previous entry with which Whittingham was also associated. There was also a Charterhouse Press run by Whittingham.

References:
Optical Magic Lantern Journal 1/6/1890, p. vi.

Photographic Institution

Company Name

Photographic Institution1850s

Company Address

168 New Bond St., London

This was a name used by Joseph Cundall and his various partners, they were predominantly photographers and publishers but also supplied photographic goods. Their prices for photographs are interesting, an untouched portrait was priced at one guinea, a coloured military portrait 'extra finished, large size' cost 10 guineas.

Piggott, John

Company Name

John Piggott Ltd1902 -Last ref. 1910
John Piggott- 1902Earliest ref. 1891

Company Address

117 & 118 Cheapside, Londonc.1895 -
117 Cheapside, London- c.1895Earliest ref. 1891. Corner of Milk St
1 & 2 Milk St., London- c.1902Milk St. is a road off of Cheapside

Retailer.

Piggott, Wm.

Company Name

Wm. P. Piggott & Co.1850 - 1864Opticians, instrument makers
Piggott, Weare & Co.1849
Piggott & Boddy1847 - 1849
Wm. Peter Piggott1838 - 1847

Company Address

523 Oxford St., London1847 - 1864
3 Gt. Carter Lane, Doctors Commons, London1847 - 1849Sited at corner of Wardrobe Pl. Probably same building
11 Wardrobe Pl., Doctors Commons, London1839 - 1847Doctors Commons was between
Upper Thames Street and Gt. Knightrider St.
Demolished in 1867
13 Arnold Pl., London1838 - 1839
16 Argyle St., Regent St., London1859 - 1861Possibly a private address

The partnership between Richard Weare, Wm. P. Piggott and Thomas Weare, watch makers, opticians and mathematical instrument makers of Birkenhead and Oxford St. London, was dissolved in 1849. The partnership between Wm. P. Piggott and Thomas Body, opticians and mathematical instrument makers of Wardrobe Place and Oxford St. was dissolved in 1849.

References:
Lon. Gaz. 6/3/1849. Lon. Gaz. 20/11/1849.

Platinotype Company

Company Name

Platinotype Company Ltd1924 - 1931
Platinotype Company1879 - 1924

Company Address

66 High Rd., Penge, London.1922 -
66 Beckenham Rd., Penge, London1914 - 1922Possibly the existing works address
22 Bloomsbury St., London- 1897 - 1914
1 Charlotte St., Bedford Sq., London1894 -
29 Southampton Row, London- 1894Here before 1883

Founded in 1879 by William Willis the inventor of the platinotype process (first patented in 1873 and introduced around 1879. BP 2011/1873). The partnership between Willis and Herbert Bowyer Berkeley was dissolved in 1884. The company was wound up in 1931.

The large increase in the price of platinum during WW1 made the platinum printing process largely unaffordable, other processes such as Satista paper (1914), were introduced as alternatives.

As well as platinotype paper and materials the company sold a detective camera called the Key (BP 5337/1889).

References:
Lon. Gaz. 8/11/1884, p. 5938; 8/12/1931, p. 7935; 1/7/1932, p. 4326. BJA 1915, p. 496.

Platt, E.G.

Company Name

E.G. Plattc.1895 -
Platt & Wittec.1891 - c.1895
E.G. Platt- c.1891Edmund George Platt

Company Address

Birkbeck Rd., Ridley Rd., High St., Kingsland, Londonc.1891 -
38 Alvington Crescent, Shacklewell Lane, Kingsland, London- c.1891

Suppliers to the trade. They list themselves as brass finishers, bellows makers and optical lantern manufacturers. Around 1891 D.J. Witte was taken into partnership but this lasted only a few years.

Poulton

Company Name

Samuel PoultonActive 1858Stereoscopic and print publisher.
Financial problems in 1867 when there is a deed of covenant to pay creditors

Company Address

352 Strand, London1860 -
147 Strand, London1858 - 1860Also at 2 London Rd. Reading

Premier Dry Plate

See also European Blair.

Company Name

Premier Dry Plate Co.

Company Address

21-24 Charles Street, Royal Crescent, Notting Hill, London

Purchased by the European Blair Co. in 1896.

References:
Optical Magic Lantern Journal 12/1896, p. xx.

Prestwich, J.A.

Company Name

Prestwich Manufacturing Co.1898 -
Moto Photo Supply Co.- 1898

Company Address

1 Lansdowne Rd., Tottenham1900 -
744 High Rd., Tottenham- 1900

John Alfred Prestwich was an engineer and manufacturer of early cinematographic equipment.

References:
Phot. Dealer Jan/1898, p. 8. Phot. Dealer Mar/1900, p. 68.

Price, Hill & Co.

Company Name

Price, Hill & Co.

Company Address

4 Berry St., Clerkenwell Rd., London

Formed around 1897 by Edwin Gladstone Price and Henry Hill, a patent was granted to the firm in that year.

There would seem to be a connection between 'Price, Hill' and 'Price, Talbot'. Henry Hill is possibly the same as collaborated with A.L. Adams. In 1901 E.G. Price started a metal-working firm called The Mechanical Construction Co. based at Cross Deep Twickenham.

The brand name 'Kalos' is sometimes used by the company.

References:
Phot. Dealer Feb/1901, p. 88.

Price, Talbot & Co

Company Name

Price & Co.1891 -
Price, Talbot & Co.1890 - 1891Also styled Ludgate Lantern & Photo Stores

Company Address

26 Ludgate Hill, London EC1890 -

Price, Talbot, described as camera manufacturers, took over the 26 Ludgate Hill premises of H. Dale & Co. Price, Talbot was wound up in July 1891. Either the winding up took a long time or the company was reconstituted as another winding up meeting was held in 1896 this time at 4 Berry St, the premises of Price, Hill & Co. The Scientific Appliance Manufacturing Co. Ltd trading from the same address may have been connected.

References:
Lon. Gaz. 26/11/1889, 6/11/1891, 15/9/1896.

Prince, Wm. Banks

Company Name

Wm. Banks PrinceActive 1863 - 1865Phot. dealer

Company Address

3 Skinner St., London1863 - 1865

Purma Cameras

Company Name

Purma Cameras Ltd

Company Address

Queen St., Mayfair, London
Kirby St., London
Sutton
Glamorgan

Purma Cameras Ltd head offices were in Queen St. Mayfair, Kirby St. then Sutton and later Glamorgan. Joseph Terrett, named on some Purma patents, had an address in Kirby St. William Barton Wood, a patentee of a Purma camera which was not put into production, had an address in Sutton.

Purser, Henry F.

Company Name

Emil Busch Optical Co.1905 - 1914
Busch Camera Co.1903 - 1905
Henry F. Purser and Brother Ltd.1921 -Until at least 1930
Henry F. Purser and Brother1914 - 1921
Henry F. Purser- 1914

Company Address

42 Gray's Inn Rd., London1924 -
35 Charles St., Hatton Gdn., London1903 - 1924
31 Hatton Gdn., London- 1903

Purser was the UK distributor for Busch, in 1903 a separate company was set up to handle cameras (Busch Camera Co.) while Henry F. Purser continued to distribute lenses. In 1905 Emil Busch Optical Co. (which incorporated Busch Camera Co.) handled both cameras and lenses. The firm of Henry F. Purser remained in business after the creation of Emil Busch Optical Co. The creation of the Busch Camera Co. corresponds with the purchase of the Mangold Photo Works in 1902 specifically to manufacture cameras.

References:
Phot. Dealer Aug/1902, p. 198.

Further Information:
Mangold Photo Works.

Pyne, J.J.

Company Name

J.J. Pyne

Company Address

63 Piccadilly, Manchester

Joseph John Pyne (b. 1829). In Slater's directory of 1863 he is described as a pharmaceutical and dispensing chemist and manufacturer and importer of photographic apparatus, the 1859 Photographic News has an advertisement by Pyne. Pyne took over the business and premises of George Danson in the mid 1850s, around 1868 the business passed to Robert Hampson.

Further Information:
A bellows camera on a carrying case (Ross lens 8380, 8391) is shown in Sotheby Cat. 2/3/1979 lot 212.

Company:

A B C D E F G H I J K L M

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