Sanger-Shepherd - Antique and Vintage Cameras

Sanger-Shepherd Density Meter

Early Model

1911

Sanger-Shepherd & Co. Ltd

London

England

Image of Sanger-Shepherd Density Meter

Meter Type:
Comparison transmission densitometer.

Construction:
Polished mahogany, brass fittings.

Attributes:
6 " wedge graduated 4 - 18.

Notes:
Address on box: 5, 6 & 7 Gray's Inn Passage. Red Lion St. High Holborn. WC.

With:
Instructions (these date to c.1914). Box.

Sanger-Shepherd Density Meter

Early Model

1911

Sanger-Shepherd & Co. Ltd

London

England

Image of Sanger-Shepherd Density Meter

Meter Type:
Comparison transmission densitometer.

Construction:
Polished mahogany, brass fittings.

Attributes:
6 " wedge graduated 4 - 18.

Notes:
Address on box: 5, 6 & 7 Gray's Inn Passage. Red Lion St. High Holborn. WC.

With:
Instructions. Density Meter Exposure Tables. Box.

The Exposure tables are grouped in to three: Bromide papers, Gaslight papers and Lantern plates. For each group a grid shows the exposure time based on the measured density (0 - 30) and the brand of paper or plate. The grid is applicable for a specified type of light and distance of the light from the printing frame.

Sanger-Shepherd Density Meter

Early Model

1911

Sanger-Shepherd & Co. Ltd

London

England

Meter Type:
Comparison transmission densitometer.

Construction:
Polished mahogany, brass fittings.

Attributes:
6 " wedge graduated 4 - 18.

Notes:
Address on box: 5, 6 & 7 Gray's Inn Passage. Red Lion St. High Holborn. WC.

With:
Part of box.

Sanger-Shepherd Density Meter

Improved Model

c.1930

E.S.S. Colour Filter Co.

Chalfont St. Giles

England

Image of Sanger-Shepherd Density Meter

Meter Type:
Comparison transmission densitometer.

Construction:
Polished mahogany, brass fittings.

Attributes:
10" wedge graduated 1 - 30. Focusing eyepiece. For half-plates and smaller.

Notes:
Address: E.S.S. Colour Filter Co. Chalfont St. Giles. (c.1936 -).

With:
Instructions. Paper step wedge. Box.

A very popular density meter, the original model was brought out in 1911. The improved model of c.1928 had an opal diffuser above the negative and in c.1930 a focusing eyepiece was added. Produced in two sizes, No. 1 - for half-plates and No. 2 for whole-plates. The No. 2 was added shortly after the smaller size. Early illustrations do not show the retaining spring for the negative. Instructions from around 1930 state that the opal diffuser was a suggestion by W.B. Ferguson.

The meter consists of a shallow box with two holes in its top. Below each hole is a mirror that reflects into the eyepiece, the mirror below the 'negative' hole only reflects half of the field so that the eyepiece shows a split field of the comparison wedge and the negative. The density wedge fits into a slot at the lower end of the meter and covers the lower of the holes. The negative is placed on the meter and the part of the negative to be measured is arranged to be over the hole nearer to the eyepiece. The density wedge is now moved so that both halves of the field show a common density, the density can then be read from a scale on the wedge. The exposure time for a print is calculated by measuring the densest part of the negative that is to show detail. Tables or a calculator give the exposure time based on the negative density, distance from the light source and type of paper. By measuring the high and low densities the type of paper to be used can be found.

According to advertisements its main function was in bromide printing but it could also be used to find the speed of papers and light strength. The meter has first to be calibrated to the particular set-up in the darkroom (lighting etc.). The numbers on the wedge correspond to those used by Hurter & Driffield e.g. 10 on the wedge corresponds to 1.0 H & D Density and passes 1/10th of the incident light. Normally a 6 " wedge is supplied, the 10" was for 'research' work and probably introduced in the mid 1930s. A supplementary wedge was also available to be used in conjunction with the ordinary wedge to read higher densities.

References & Notes:
BP 23429/1911. BJA 1912, p. 1062. BJA 1913, p. 741. BJA 1914, p. 1108. BJA 1929, p. 325. BJA 1931, p. 314.


Company Details:

Sanger-Shepherd

Sensitometry

Warnerke Standard

Sanger-Shepherd

Dawson Densitometer

Graduated Annulus


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